Discussions are focused on the draft readmission agreement and a visa facilitation agreement, which is expected to enter into force before the end of the year. The agreements apply to nationals of participating states and third-country nationals. Despite previous announcements regarding visa exemption, implementation had failed in the absence of a readmission agreement for illegal immigrants, which was not signed until 2011. As part of the EU Troika format, the German Presidencies of the Council of the EU, European Commission Vice-President Franco Frattini and Portuguese Justice Minister Alberto Costa and Home Affairs Minister Rui Pereira met on Monday (June 11th) in Luxembourg with a Ukrainian delegation led by Justice Minister Oleksandr V. Lavrynovych and Deputy Interior Minister Mr Vasyl Marmazov. Failure to sign bilateral readmission agreements with France and Spain, pave the way for selected immigration quotas and strengthen deportation of undocumented Malian workers raises serious concerns about the fate of third-country nationals (TTCs) and stateless persons reintegrated under EU readmission agreements (EURA), including cases of permanent detention , legal limbo or removal to their country of origin, and calls for the exclusion of TCN agreements; In some cases, Switzerland uses the negotiations to conclude a readmission agreement. Finally, it recognises the effectiveness of readmission agreements with third countries, but believes that they should be considered within the framework of the EU`s general relations with the countries concerned and should be accompanied by incentives that help countries implement them. Today, the rights of Malians outside Mali risk being totally destroyed by the readmission agreements that the French state wants to sign with the Malian government. In 2016, Ankara and Brussels signed a refugee agreement, which aims to stem the flow of illegal entry into the EU via Turkey.